## Why does my procedural grid mesh not triangulate properly for grids bigger than 256×256?

Problem Description:

I’ve been making procedural terrain height maps with the diamond square algorithm and the mesh with the triangulation method below:

```
public Map GenerateMap()
{
Mesh mapMesh = new();
vertices = new Vector3[(Resolution + 1) * (Resolution + 1)];
Vector2[] uv1 = new Vector2[vertices.Length];
Vector2[] uv2 = new Vector2[vertices.Length];
Vector2[] uv3 = new Vector2[vertices.Length];
DiamondSquare diamondSquare = new(Resolution, Roughness, Seed, HeightLevels);
float[,] heightFloatMap = diamondSquare.DoDiamondSquare();
tex = new Texture2D(Resolution, Resolution);
for (int y = 0, i = 0; y <= Resolution; y++)
{
for (int x = 0; x <= Resolution; x++, i++)
{
//float height = heightMap.GetPixel(x,y).r;
float height = heightFloatMap[x, y];
vertices[i] = new Vector3(x * CellSize.x, height * CellSize.y, y * CellSize.z);
tex.SetPixel(x, y, new Color(height, height, height, 1));
if (height == 0)
uv1[i] = new Vector2(vertices[i].x, vertices[i].z);
else if (height < 0.4)
uv2[i] = new Vector2(vertices[i].x, vertices[i].z);
else if (height < 0.4)
uv3[i] = new Vector2(vertices[i].x, vertices[i].z);
}
}
mapMesh.vertices = vertices;
mapMesh.uv = uv1;
mapMesh.uv2 = uv2;
int[] triangles = new int[Resolution * Resolution * 6];
Cell[,] cellMap = new Cell[Resolution / 4, Resolution / 4];
for (int ti = 0, vi = 0, y = 0; y < Resolution; y++, vi++)
{
for (int x = 0; x < Resolution; x++, ti += 6, vi++)
{
triangles[ti] = vi;
triangles[ti + 3] = triangles[ti + 2] = vi + 1;
triangles[ti + 4] = triangles[ti + 1] = vi + Resolution + 1;
triangles[ti + 5] = vi + Resolution + 2;
Vector3[] cellVerts = new Vector3[]
{
vertices[vi], vertices[vi + 1], vertices[vi + Resolution + 1], vertices[vi + Resolution + 2]
};
Cell cell = new(new Vector2Int(x, y), cellVerts, CalculateCellGeometry(cellVerts));
cellMap[x / 4, y / 4] = cell;
}
}
mapMesh.triangles = triangles;
mapMesh.RecalculateNormals();
mapMesh.RecalculateTangents();
mapMesh.RecalculateBounds();
Map map = new(mapMesh, cellMap, heightFloatMap, vertices);
return map;
}
}
```

This works fine with grid sizes 16×16, 32×32… 256×256 but breaks when I try it on 512×512 or above

256×256

512×512

It successfully triangulates up until the rows starting y=128

On the underside of the terrain there are these bars

I’ve mapped out the vertices generated from 512×512 and above resolutions and they are all good so I’m 99% sure its down to the triangulation.

I’m new to procedural meshes and am stumped by this issue, any help would be greatly appreciated.

## Solution – 1

Turns out it wasn’t triangulation, the vertex limit was being reached as my mesh was set to use a 16-bit index buffer.

I added this line

```
mapMesh.indexFormat = UnityEngine.Rendering.IndexFormat.UInt32;
```

and the issue is fixed. An annoying oversight on my part but that’s part of the learning process!